Louis Roth Ministries

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The Humanity of Christ

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When we are talking about the Christ who was visible, this is the Incarnate Christ. But, the humanity of Christ started at the point when Christ was "begotten." The "hypostatic union" of Christ, being both fully God and fully human, was birthed before the creation of "all things" (Ps. 2:7–8), this adds new insight to verses such as Gen. 1:26–27.[1]

Any message/teaching which does not state that Christ appeared in the flesh is false teaching, period. (1 Jn. 4:1–3, 2 Jn. 7). There was a time when Jesus was human in spirit. Now a state change has occurred from the author's point of view, and Jesus is now in the flesh. A completed (perfect) action. One Greek word covers this change in state from the author's point of view. In this case, Jesus was not visible, and then He was out publicly.[2] When Jesus was of the Virgin Mary, this is the beginning incarnate Christ, but not the humanity of Christ. The Incarnate Christ is described Heb. 2:9,4:15; Luke 2:7; Col. 1:13–15; Phil. 2:5–8.

Wasn't Jesus born on Earth by Mary?

Yes, He was, but the humanity of Jesus begins as the first act of creation (Prov. 8:22–30).[3] The passage in Proverbs makes clear the Jesus existed before creation. The author provides a list of items that Jesus watched or participated in making:

- of water

- of earthly terrain

- of the Universe

- of the continents.

Is there a person in history that matches up with this passage? No. Scripture refers to the hypostatic union:

God the Son and the Lord Jesus Christ. Bolender gives a simple definition of this union:

"True humanity and undiminished Deity united forever in the Person of Christ."[4]

Notice the passage opens by stating the Son is "begotten" or "established," depending on the translation. You see the language of a parent/child relationship. The relationship is how we are to understand the connection between the Father and Jesus Christ. We get confirmation of "establishing" of the Son in Colossians. (Col. 1:13–15).[5]

Bolender provides a sequence of events in time. See the simplified graph below:

"eternity past –> time –> eternity future."[6]

1. There was a past eternity we call eternity past.

2. Ephesians 1:10–11 employs a word that that is evidence of a divine decision or resolution in eternity past. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit solely existed at that time. Now we have evidence that the Father, the Son, and Holy Spirit agreed to the Plan. Bolender calls this the "eternal life conference."[7]

3. Bolender provides a time sequence as it pertains to the entire Plan of God:

"Eternity past –> eternal life conference –> Christ's hypostatic union –> creation of all things –> the fullness of times –> the end of times."[8]

When the Father establishes the Son, we have the "Hypostatic Union." No created beings that are both fully man and fully God. Jesus has this unique combination into eternity. The Hypostatic Union is hard to comprehend for humans since God the Father alone can do this complex union.[9]

Col. 1:16–19 informs us the Jesus created all. Given this fact, then Jesus must logically exist before creation.[10]

If Jesus did not come as a human, then the OT would be wrong (Matt. 5:17–18; Luke 24:27).

The Old Testament indicates the where, when, and how of Christ's arrival in the flesh: Where did this occur? Micah 5:3. When did this occur? Daniel 9:26. How did this happen? Isaiah 7:14.

The coming Messiah must meet OT prophesies. Genealogy studies of Luke and Matthew show that Jesus is in human genealogies (see Lk. 3:23–38 and Mt. 1:13–17). A king must have a lineage, a servant needs none. The Messiah is prophesized to be in the line of King David. The Matthew genealogy demonstrates the Jesus is, in fact, in David's descendent., Mark has no genealogy at all. A man has a genealogy, and God does not. Luke includes the Son of Man's physical line to Adam, and John has no genealogy at all (Matt 22:41–46; John 12:23; Dan 7:13–14; Matt 26:63–68; John 12:29–34).

The following is a list of OT promises, satisfied with Jesus Christ.

a. Jesus has no earthly father. He is born to a virgin as predicted in (Gen. 3:15, Isa 7:14).

b. From the Lukian genealogy, Jesus is in the line of Shem (Gen. 9:26–27), Abraham (Gen. 12:1–3), Isaac (Gen. 26:2–4), Jacob (Gen. 28:13–15), and the tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:10).

c. Jesus must be from the house of David (2nd Sam. 7:12–16 || 1st Chr. 17:11–14; 22:9, 10, Rom. 1:1–4; Ps 110.1/Matt. 22:43–45).

d. Jesus must be born in Bethlehem (Mic. 5:2).[11]

Though Christ's conception was supernatural, He was born with a human body that grew and developed (Luke 2:52). He called Himself a man (John 8:40).[12]

Jesus had a Human Soul and Spirit - The sinless humanity of our Lord included an ideal immaterial nature as well as a material one. You may be thinking the human nature provided Christ's body, while the divine nature consisted of soul and spirit. The humanity was complete and included both material and immaterial aspects (Matt. 26:38; Luke 23:46).[13]

Jesus Exhibited the Characteristics of a Human Being:

"Our Lord was hungry (Matt. 4:2). He was thirsty (John 19:28). He grew weary (4:6). He experienced love and compassion (Matt. 9:36). He wept (John 11:35). He was tested (Heb. 4:15). These are the characteristics of true humanity." [14]

He Was Called by Human Names.

"His favorite designation of Himself was "Son of Man" (more than eighty times). This name linked Him to the earth and to His mission on earth. It focused on His lowliness and humanity (Matt. 8:20); on His suffering and death (Luke 19:10); and on His future reign as King (Matt. 24:27).

He was also the Son of David, a title that linked Him to His ancestor David and to the royal promises to be fulfilled ultimately by Messiah.

Paul called Him a man in 1 Timothy 2:5". [15]


1. Bob Bolender. (n.d.). Plan of God. Austin Bible Church, pp. 37

2. Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., Bauer, W., & Gingrich, F. W. (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature (3rd ed., p. 393–4). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

3. IBID, Bolender.pp. 39





8. Bob Bolender. (n.d.). Plan of God. Austin Bible Church, pp. 39


10. IBID

11. Pastor Bob Bolender. (n.d.). The Life of Christ. Austin Bible Church.

12. Ryrie, C. C. (1999). Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth (p. 286). Chicago, IL: Moody Press.

13. Ryrie, C. C. (1999). Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth (pp. 286–287). Chicago, IL: Moody Press

14. Ryrie, C. C. (1999). Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth (p. 287). Chicago, IL: Moody Press.

15. Ryrie, C. C. (1999). Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth (p. 287).